Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, the precise cause of which is incompletely understood. In susceptible individuals, inflammatory symptoms are usually associated with widespread, variable airflow obstruction and an increase in airways’ response to a variety of stimuli. Obstruction is usually reversible either spontaneously or with treatment.
This is a disease of the LOWER airways (bronchioles and downwards).
Inflammation of the airways.
Asthma is a long-term, otherwise known as a chronic disease, the disease causes inflammation, spasms, or tightening in the bronchial tubes, which are the passageway to the lungs, that also carry air directly to the lungs. The inflammation caused by asthma causes difficulty in breathing, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma cannot be cured, and the true cause of asthma is unknown.
Common symptoms of Asthma;
Dyspnoea; Must rule out other underlying causes e.g. Heart Failure (HF).
Chest pain; Must rule out other underlying causes e.g. angina.
Conscious effort to breath.
Hyper-inflated chest (not often seen).
The pathway to the management of Asthma
(ai) Minimise need for reliever and control exacerbations.
(aii) Identify and eliminate triggers – very difficult in most cases.
(b) Medication, two categories…
Below are the environmental and medical triggers of asthma;
Therefore, It is very important that you treat your asthma whether you have the symptoms or not. Because you could be feeling just fine then your asthma attack could occur so stick to your treatment. If it is left untreated you will have asthma attacks or it may cause long term loss of lung function. If you have asthma you should stay away from this list of triggers.